Prinsip-prinsip Catur

Selain teori pembukaan yg wajib kita kuasai dalam permainan catur, ada beberapa hal yg juga kita patut perhatikan, salah satunya adalah prinsip-prinsip catur.

Berikut ini beberapa prinsip catur yg di tulis oleh Bill Wall mudah-mudahan menambah pengetahuan kita mengenai catur khususnya bagi pecatur pemula (termasuk saya 😀 ):

01. Develop your pieces quickly.
02. Control the center.
03. Try to put your pieces on squares that give them maximum space.
04. Try to develop your knights towards the center.
05. A knight on the rim is dim.
06. Don’t take unnecessary chances.
07. Play aggressive.
08. Calculate forced moves first.
09. Always ask yourself, “Can he put me in check or win a piece?”
10. Have a plan. Every move should have a purpose.
11. Assume your opponent’s move is his best move.
12. Ask yourself, “why did he move there?” after each opponent move.
13. Play for the initiative and contolling the board.
14. If you must lose a piece, get something for it if you can.
15. When behind, exchange pawns. When ahead, exchange pieces.
16. If you are losing, don’t give up fighting. Look for counterplay.
17. Don’t play unsound moves unless you are losing badly.
18. Don’t sacrifice a piece without good reason.
19. If you are in doubt of an opponent’s sacrifice, accept it.
20. Attack with more that just one or two pieces.
21. Do not make careless pawn moves. They cannot move back.
22. Do not block in your bishops.
23. Bishops of opposite colors have the greatest chance of drawing.
24. Try not to move the same piece twice or more times in a row.
25. Exchange pieces if it helps your development.
26. Don’t bring your queen out early.
27. Castle soon to protect your king and develop your rook.
28. Develop rooks to open files.
29. Put rooks behind passed pawns.
30. Study rook endgames. They are the most common and most complicated.
31. Don’t let your king get caught in the center.
32. Don’t castle if it brings your king into greater danger from attack.
33. After castling, keep a good pawn formation around your king.
34. If you only have one bishop, put your pawns on its opposite color.
35. Trade pawns pieces when ahead in material or when under attack.
36. If cramped, free your game by exchanging material.
37. If your opponent is cramped, don’t let him get any freeing exchanges.
38. Study openings you are comfortable with.
39. Play over entire games, not just the opening.
40. Blitz chess is helpful in recognizing chess patterns. Play often.
41. Study annotated games and try to guess each move.
42. Stick with just a few openings with White, and a few openings with Black.
43. Record your games and go over them, especially the games you lost.
44. Show your games to higher rated opponents and get feedback from them.
45. Use chess computers and databases to help you study and play more.
46. Everyone blunders. The champions just blunder less often.
47. When it is not your move, look for tactics and combinations.
48. Try to double rooks or double rook and queen on open files.
49. Always ask yourself, “Does my next move overlook something simple?”
50. Don’t make your own plans without the exclusion of the opponent’s threats.
51. Watch out for captures by retreat of an opponent’s piece.
52. Do not focus on one sector of the board. View thw whole board.
53. Write down your move first before making that move if it helps.
54. Try to solve chess puzzles with diagrams from books and magazines.
55. It is less likely that an opponent is prepared for off-beat openings.
56. Recognize transposition of moves from main-line play.
57. Watch your time and avoid time trouble.
58. Bishops are worth more than knights except when they are pinned in.
59. A knight works better with a bishop than another knight.
60. It is usually a good idea to trade down into a pawn up endgame.
61. Have confidence in your game.
62. Play in as many rated events as you can.
63. Try not to look at your opponent’s rating until after the game.
64. Always play for a win.


31 Responses to “Prinsip-prinsip Catur”

  1. 1 achoox
    September 2, 2008 pukul 2:06 am

    Sorry nih prinsip caturnya belum di translet ke bhs indo, udah pernah nyoba tapi takutnya entar yg baca pada tambah ngga’ ngerti 😀

  2. 2 suganda
    September 8, 2008 pukul 9:08 am

    tlng dong klo udah ditranslete ke bhs indo,kirim ke email saya.

  3. 3 achoox
    September 8, 2008 pukul 9:02 pm

    akan sy usahakan mas… 😉

  4. 4 rudi
    April 30, 2009 pukul 9:33 pm

    bos, tolong di email doong translatenya ke rudi_santana2000@yahoo.com trims yah boos.

  5. 5 rudi
    April 30, 2009 pukul 9:37 pm

    email ke rudigec@hotmail.com juga dech kalau diatas ngga bisa

  6. Juni 7, 2009 pukul 4:51 pm

    Prinsip-Prinsip caturnya di-translate donk! N klo bisa di buatin strategi-strategi agar si lawan cepat kalah.

  7. 7 Sansan
    Juni 7, 2009 pukul 6:47 pm

    sdr people…catur itu 80 % tergantung bakat.Biar belajar sehari 6 jam kalu lawan kita memiliki talenta master ga bisa dilawan bro hehehe…..

  8. Oktober 14, 2009 pukul 6:06 pm

    Kalo mau translate sih tinggal pake google translate aja…

    @Sansan: Ada dua jenis pecatur, pecatur alami dan pecatur teori. Pecatur alami bermain berdasarkan pengalaman, sedangkan pecatur teori selain dengan pengalaman juga ditambah dengan teori-teori catur sehingga kesempatan menangnya lebih besar pecatur teori. Tapi kembali lagi ke jam terbang dan kemampuan masing-masing.

  9. Juni 25, 2011 pukul 12:19 pm

    Ada prinsip yg belum ditulis oleh om Bill Wall, saya menyempurnakan sampai point 70.

  10. Juli 2, 2011 pukul 12:07 am

    teman teman betul kata sansan catur tegantung bakat contoh kasparov sejak kecil sudah pintar tampa guru walaupun dalam perjlanannya banyak belajar juga.biarpun kita menoleksi ratusan buku catur dan pahami semuanya klo lawan main kita levelnya memang tinggi (Gm) maka kemenangan takkan bepihak sama kita contoh nyatapa guru walaupun dalam perjlanannya banyak belajar juga.biarpun kita menoleksi ratusan buku catur dan pahami semuanya klo lawan main kita levelnya memang tinggi (Gm) maka kemenangan takkan bepihak sama kita contoh nyata

  11. September 10, 2011 pukul 10:04 am

    apa sih triknya biar menguasai catur

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